The skin is the largest organ in the human body. One of its main functions is to assist the body in its defense against outside contaminants, microorganisms, and harmful substances like chemicals and pollution. This means the skin is constantly defusing all manner of irritants, which, in time, may end up creating chronic or acute damage to it like acne, scars, pigmentation alterations, and so on.
The skin manages to control all of these contaminants through several processes that aim to maintain a balance between the attackers and the defenders of the body. First, the main defense mechanism consists of antioxidant substances. These are groups of molecules that have the ability to neutralize harmful chemicals to avoid cellular damage since many skin diseases have cellular oxidative stress as one of their main causes. Meaning that the antioxidant properties of these molecules may act as an effective barrier against many harmful substances and microorganisms alike.
With this in mind, pharmaceutical companies, for example, have added antioxidant molecules to skin care products in order to both reduce inflammation and protect against lesions on the skin. One of the most well-known examples of these effects is sun damage. To further understand this, you should know that the sun emits a whole spectrum of light that encompasses even more than the naked eye can see. Part of this spectrum is called ultraviolet (UV) light, which is then divided into UVA and UVB, both of which cause skin irritation and cellular damage to the exposed tissue.
This is why pharmaceutical companies have managed to create a more robust shield for the skin by adding antioxidant properties to sunscreen and other skin care products. The damage caused by this kind of radiation is reduced to a minimum with the use of sunscreens, moisturizers, serums, and other products.
Also, another important fact to keep in mind is that oxidative stress is one of the culprits in accelerating the skin's aging process. With time, the antioxidative mechanisms of the human body start to wear down, thus causing an accumulation of oxidative molecules that are harmful to the cells and leading to visible signs of skin aging. In other words, one can keep a youthful look on the skin through an adequate skincare routine with antioxidant products.
In summary, there are many factors that lead to structural damage to the skin due to an imbalance between harmful substances and the body's defense mechanisms. therefore causing inflammation, disease, and aging. For the purpose of protecting the skin from this wear and tear, it is crucial to use dermatologically tested products with added antioxidative properties in order to regain the mentioned balance and move towards healthier and younger-looking skin.
Look for an antioxidant moisturizer if you want to learn more.